Project title: “Eco-innovative technologies for recovering of the platinum group metals from scrap catalytic convertors”- ECOTECH-GMP

  • Contract no: 76PCCDI/ 2018
  • Contracting Authority: UEFISCDI
  • Contractor: Universitatea din Bucuresti
  • Total budget: 5,090,100 lei

Autocatalysts are used to convert vehicle exhaust (carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, etc.) into less harmful products, such as: carbon dioxide and nitrogen. Platinum group metals (PGMs) are the active component in autocatalysts and consequently the auto industry is the largest PGM consumer. Limited PGM resources demands recycling to support an expanding auto market. Traditional recycling methods are using high temperatures and highly oxidative agents (e.g. aqua regia) making them large energy consumers and environmental pollutants. As a result, there is a need to develop alternative ways to recycle PGMs with a significant decrease in energy consumption and a reduced impact on the environment. ECOTECH-GMP project at hand draws from the knowledge, skills and competences of top leading Romanian research institutions in materials science, physics, chemistry and engineering for creating the know-how to develop the eco-technologies required to recycle PGM with zero emissions. There is currently no such technology available in the world. Four sub-projects are proposed to solve the issue of PGM eco-recycling, encompassing electrochemistry, coordination chemistry, hydrodynamics and bioelectrochemistry. The sub-projects are intertwined and function in synergy to deliver several solutions to the issue at hand. The potential of this project is mesmerizing for any interested company: small initial capital, low energy consumption and high throughput. The benefits for the society at large are thrilling: improved public health because of decreased toxic pollutants (chlorides, nitrates, nitrides, etc.) and creating new jobs owing to the potential of this technology to transform into an industry.

 

Partners Project Director/Responsible
Universitatea din Bucuresti Lector Dr. Serban Stamatin
Institutul De Chimie CS I Eugenia Fagadar-Cosma
Institutul de Chimie Macromoleculara “Petru Poni” CSI Maria Cazacu
Universitatea Politehnica din Bucuresti Prof. Dr. Adrian Ciocanea
Institutul De Biologie CSI Ioan Ardelean
INOE 2000 – Filiala Institutul de Cercetari pentru Hidraulica ssi Pneumatica Bucuresti RA CSI Ioan Lepadatu

Project 1: Experimental models/prototypes : new electrochemical solubilization method- supercritical fluids-ultrasounds

  1. Universitatea Bucuresti
  2. Institutul de Chimie Timisoara al Academiei Romane
  3. Institutul de Chimie Macromoleculara “Petru Poni”
  4. Universitatea Politehnica Din Bucuresti
  5. INOE 2000 – Filiala Institutul De Cercetari Pentru Hidraulica Si Pneumatica Bucuresti Ra

Main Objective– developing an eco-friendly innovative system for PGM recycling by electrochemical methods from spent auto catalysts.

Results phase 1:

Pr1-a-enPr1-b-en

 

Results phase 2:

PC1

Project 2: Experimental models: Combinatorial methods using original silicone substrate ligands and porphyrin ligands for GMP recovery. New porfirin-platinum nanomaterials for sensors

  1. Institutul De Chimie Timisoara
  2. Institutul De Chimie Macromoleculara “Petru Poni”
  3. Universitatea Bucuresti
  4. Universitatea Politehnica Din Bucuresti

Main Objective- Obtaining A3B porphyrin structures and siloxane skeleton ligands for platinum recovery by complexation.

Results phase 1:

Pr2-a

Results phase 2:

PC2

Project 3: Experimental models/ prototype for Modele experimentale/prototip  for separating GMP in superficial cord jet supersonic air wash for the rapid oxidation of the secondary carbon compounds deposited in the honeycomb structures

  1. Universitatea Politehnica Din Bucuresti
  2. Inoe 2000 – Filiala Institutul De Cercetari Pentru Hidraulica Si Pneumatica Bucuresti Ra
  3. Universitatea Bucuresti

Main Objective- Development of an experimental model / modular installation prototype (which will be coupled with those made in the associated projects) to allow GMP recovery-regeneration of used catalytic converters approaching a new concept with the preservation of the cordierite structures and their reuse – innovative solution: extraction of GMP from the monolithic / powder layer by ultrasonic / hydrodynamic cavitation.

Results phase 1:Pr3-a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results phase 2:

PC3

 

Project 4 Biohydrometalurgy-Developing a platinum recovery technology based exclusivley on different types of microorganisms.

  1.  Institutul De Biologie Bucuresti
  2. Universitatea Politehnica Din Bucuresti
  3. Universitatea Bucuresti
  4. INOE 2000 – Filiala Institutul De Cercetari Pentru Hidraulica Si Pneumatica Bucuresti Ra

Main Objective- Selecting active microorganisms for the recovery of platinum and/or other platinum materials; Development of a bioreactor based on biofilm-selected microorganisms for GMP recovery.

Results phase 1:

Pr4-a-en

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PC4Results phase 2:

Patent application:

  1. Nanostructuri fotocatalitice pe baza de dioxid de titan cu aplicatii in decontaminarea mediului si procedee de obtinere a acestora, I. Stamatin et al., Cerere brevet OSIM nr A/00670/ 23/10/2019

Articles in ISI journals:

  1. X-Ray structure elucidation of a Pt-metalloporphyrin and its application for obtaining sensitive AuNPs-plasmonic hybrids capable to detect triiodide anions, Fagadar-Cosma E., Lascu A., Shova S., Zaltariov M.-F., Birdeanu M., Croitor L., Balan A., Anghel D., Stamatin S., J. Mol. Sci. (MDPI), 2019, 20, 710; doi:10.3390/ijms20030710, IMPACTFACTOR = 4.183
  2. Optical detection of bromide ions using Pt(II)-5,10,15,20-tetra-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-porphyrin, Lascu A., Plesu N., Anghel D., Birdeanu M., Vlascici D., Fagadar-Cosma E., Chemosensors(MDPI) 2019, 7, 21; doi:10.3390/chemosensors7020021, CITESCORE =2.77 (SCOPUS)
  3. Three reactions, one catalyst: a multi-purpose Platinum(IV) complex and its silica-supported homologue for environmentally friendly processes, C. Racles, M.-F. Zaltariov, M. Damoc, Ana-Maria Iurascu, Mihail Iacob – Applied Organometallic Chemistry – accepted
  4. Vasile, E., Ciocanea, A., Ionescu, V., Lepădatu, I., 2019, Hhydrodynamic cavitation processing of spent scr catalyst for recovery of titanium and tungsten oxides, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, ISSN: 1350-4177, Submitted 05. 2019, (IF 7,729);

Conferences:

  1. Epuran C., Anghel D., Lascu A., Fratilescu I., Fagadar-Cosma E., Optical Detection of Rhodamine B by Pt(II) Tetra-(4-Allyloxy-Phenyl)-Porphyrin, Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems, Szeged, Hungary, pp 129-132, ISBN 978-963-306-702-4
  2. Fratilescu I., Anghel D., Lascu A., Epuran C., Fagadar-Cosma E., Platinum-Porphyrin Involved in the UV-Vis Spectrophotometric detection of Rhodamine B and Oxygen Peroxide, Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems, Szeged, Hungary, pp 133-136, ISBN 978-963-306-702-4
  3. Lascu A., Recovery of Platinum from Leaching Solutions by Interaction with Porphyrins, Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems, Szeged, Hungary, pp 18-22, ISBN 978-963-306-702-4
  4. Anghel D., Lascu A., Fratilescu I., Epuran C., Fagadar-Cosma E., Zn-Metalloporphyrins Containing Pyridyl Groups and Their Comparative Capacity to Coordinate Hexachloroplatinic Acid, Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems, Szeged, Hungary, pp 100-103, ISBN 978-963-306-702-4
  5. Plesu N., Tara-Lunga Mihali M., Fagadar-Cosma E., A Comparative Study Between Corrosion Protection of Different Substituted Pt-Metalloporphyrins, Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems, Szeged, Hungary, p 224, ISBN 978-963-306-702-4
  6. Structural and Cytotoxic Evaluation of Platinum(IV) Complexes with Biological Active Ligands, Mirela-Fernanda Zaltariov, Mihaela Avadanei, Dragos Peptanariu, Proceeding of The 7th IEEE International Conference on E-Health and Bioengineering – EHB 2019, Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania, November 21-23, 2019.
  7. IACOB Matei-Tom, GHINEA Adrian, MOISESCU Cristina, BĂLAN Adriana, STAMATIN Șerban, ARDELEAN I. Ioan THE EVALUATION OF BACTERIAL CULTURES REDOX POTENTIAL  IN MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS WITH DIFERENT CONFIGURATIONS 2019 , THE SCIENTIFIC INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE The Museum and Scientific Research The 26th Edition-2019 poster , p.112
  8. MOISESCU Cristina, GHINEA Adrian, IACOB Matei-Tom, BĂLAN Adriana, STAMATIN Șerban, ARDELEAN I. Ioan PALLADIUM NANOPARTICLE SYNTHESIS BY Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 2019 THE SCIENTIFIC INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE The Museum and Scientific Research, The 26th Edition-2019 poster , p.111
  9. Ciocănea, A., Sauciuc, R., Lepădatu, I., Budea, S., Șefu, Ș.M., Simionescu, Ș.M., 2019, Method and demonstrating installation for recovery of titanium and tungsten oxides from spent SCR catalyst part I – scaling of hydrodynamic cavitation method, Proceedings of International Conference on Hydraulics and Pneumatics HERVEX, November 2019, pag. 243–248, ISSN 1454-8003, (BDI);
  10. Anghel D., Lascu A., Tetra amino-substituted porphyrins in their interaction with hexachloroplatinic acidfor platinum recovery, New trends and strategies in the chemistry of advanced materials with relevance in biological systems,technique and environmental protection” 12th Edition, June 06-07, 2019, electronic volume, p. 92
  11. Fratilescu I., Anghel D., Lascu A., Water soluble porphyrins used as recovery agents of platinum from leaching solutions, New trends and strategies in the chemistry of advanced materials with relevance in biological systems,technique and environmental protection” 12th Edition, June 06-07, 2019, electronic volume, p. 84
  12. Fratilescu I., Anghel D., Lascu A., Fagadar-Cosma E., Water soluble porphyrin derivatives used in platinum recovery, EmergeMAT 2nd international conference on emerging technologies in materials engineering, November 6-8, 2019
  13. Salen-Type Ligands Derived from a Highly Flexible Organic-Inorganic Diamine and Their Metal Complexes (Madalin Damoc, Alexandru Stoica, Mihaela Dascalu, Ana-Maria Macsim, Maria Cazacu); 21st Romanian International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, September 4-7, 2019, Constanta – Mamaia, ROMANIA.
  14. Tetranuclear Complex of 3-Formylsalicylic Acid Schiff Base Carrying Silanol Tails (Alexandru-Constantin Stoica, Madalin Damoc, Mihaela Dascalu, Maria Cazacu); 21st Romanian International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, September 4-7, 2019, Constanta – Mamaia, ROMANIA.
  15. Baze schiff de tip salen ale 1,3-bis(3-aminopropil)- tetrametildisiloxanului și complecși metalici ai acestora (Mădălin Dămoc, Alexandru Stoica, Mihaela Dascălu, Ana-Maria Iurașcu, Maria Cazacu); A XXVII-a Sesiune de Comunicări Științifice a Institutului de Chimie Macromoleculară „Petru Poni” Iași Progrese în știința compușilor organici și macromoleculari 2-4 Octombrie, 2019.
  16. Liganzi și complecși metalici pe bază de 1,3-bis(2- amino-etil-amino-metil)-tetrametildisiloxan (Alexandru-Constantin Stoica, Mădălin Dămoc, Mihaela Dascălu, Maria Cazacu); A XXVII-a Sesiune de Comunicări Științifice a Institutului de Chimie Macromoleculară „Petru Poni” Iași Progrese în știința compușilor organici și macromoleculari 2-4 Octombrie, 2019.
  17. Attempts to Recover the Platinum Group Metals from Spent Automotive Catalytic Converters by Physical Methods (Mădălin Dămoc, Alexandru Stoica, Maria Cazacu); 21st Romanian International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, September 4-7, 2019, Constanta – Mamaia, ROMANIA.
  18. Complex de pt(iv) cu acțiune catalitică multiplă (Carmen Racleș, Mirela-Fernanda Zaltariov, Mădălin Dămoc, Ana-Maria Macsim); ); A XXVII-a Sesiune de Comunicări Științifice a Institutului de Chimie Macromoleculară „Petru Poni” Iași Progrese în știința compușilor organici și macromoleculari 2-4 Octombrie, 2019.
  19. Ciocănea, A., Sauciuc, R., Lepădatu, I., Budea, S., Șefu, Ș.M., Simionescu, Ș.M., 2019, Method and demonstrating installation for recovery of titanium and tungsten oxides from spent SCR catalyst part I – scaling of hydrodynamic cavitation method,             Proceedings of International Conference on Hydraulics and Pneumatics HERVEX         November 2019, pag. 243–248, ISSN 1454-8003, (BDI);
  20. The role of pH in electrochemical dissolution of platinum in chloride containing electrolytes Cornelia DIAC, Florentina I. MAXIM, Elena I. CUCOLEA, Catalin CEAUS, Valeriu FILIP, Serban N. STAMATIN,  Conference: Bucharest University Faculty of Physics 2019 Meeting
    Section: Physics and Technology of Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources
  21. pH-anion interplay in the electrochemical dissolution of platinum, Cornelia Diac, Cătălin Ceauș, Elena Iulia Cucolea, Valeriu Filip, ȘerbanStamatin, 7th Regional Symposium on Electrochemistryfor South – East Europe,  organized by the Association of South – East European Electrochemists, May 27-30, 2019, Split,  Croatia.
  22. Measuring kinetic parameters for oxygen reduction reaction with a rotating disk electrode, Florentina I. MAXIM, Cornelia DIAC, Serban N. STAMATIN, Conference: Bucharest University Faculty of Physics 2019 Meeting Section: Physics and Technology of Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources

Conferinte in plen la Conferinte internationale:

  1. Porphyrin-based hybrid materials. Searching for the best partner to improve optoelectronic properties, Fagadar-Cosma E., International Conference on Materials and Applications for Sensors and Transducers – September 2-6, 2019, Bratislava, Slovakia

Conferinte in plen la manifestari nationale:

  1. Improving the sensing applications:porphyrin derivatives alone or accompanied by a well chosen partner in hybrid based materials? Fagadar-Cosma E.,  Conferinta plenara, Simpozionul cu participare internațională – Noi tendințe și strategii în chimia materialelor avansate, cu relevanță în sisteme biologice, tehnică și protecția mediului, 06 – 07 iunie 2019, pag. 14 in volum electronic

 Diseminare public neprofesionist (Noaptea cercetatorilor europeni)

  1. Diploma de participare Institutului de Chimie „Coriolan Dragulescu” din partea NOKIA, Expunerea posterului cu titlul: Water soluble porphyrins used as recovery agents of platinum from leaching solutions, Autorii posterului: Fratilescu I., Anghel D., Lascu A., Eveniment: Editia a XIV-a a evenimentului Noaptea Cercetatorilor Europeni, finantat de catre Comisia Europeana prin actiunile Marie Sklodowska-Curie, 27 septembrie 2019